Accelerator

An accelerator is a time-limited program aimed at supporting startup companies with their business operations.

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Accidental fork

An accidental fork is an unintentional separation of the blockchain and can result in the temporary disruption of the network.

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ADA – Cardano

Cardano (ADA) is a decentralized public blockchain and cryptocurrency project and is fully open-source.

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Airdrop

An airdrop refers to a process in which a project distributes tokens for free to active members of the crypto community.

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Algorithmic Trading

Algorithmic trading (also known as algo trading) refers to the use of computer algorithms for automated execution of trading orders.

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Altcoin

The term altcoin generally describes the wide range of alternative cryptocurrencies besides the original Bitcoin.

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AML – Anti-Money Laundering

AML stands for “Anti Money Laundering” and refers to measures designed to combat money laundering.

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AMM – Automated Market Maker

An Automated Market Maker (AMM) is a protocol that provides liquidity to a decentralized exchange through automated trading.

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Angel Investor

An angel investor is an investor who provides funding in the early startup stages of a company in return for shares.

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Antminer

An Antminer is a popular brand of cryptocurrency mining hardware (ASIC) developed by Bitmain Technologies.

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API – Application Programming Interface

An Application Programming Interface (API) is a vital set of functions and protocols used in the development of application software.

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APY – Annual Percentage Yield

Annual Percentage Yield (APY) is a method of calculating the amount of money earned in a money market account over the course of a year.

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Arbitrage

Arbitrage is a trading strategy that takes advantage of price differences for the same (crypto) asset on different marketplaces.

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ASIC – Application Specific Integrated Circuit

Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs) are hardware specially designed for a specific use case such as mining.

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Ask

In financial markets, the term “ask”, refers to the price at which a seller is willing to sell a specific asset

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ATOM – Cosmos

Cosmos (ATOM) is an interoperable blockchain protocol that facilitates the transfer of data between different blockchains.

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B2B – Business-to-Business

Business-to-business (B2B) refers to commercial interactions that take place between two or more companies.

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Backwardation

Backwardation is a concept from finance where the future price of a commodity is lower than its spot price.

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BaFin – Bundesanstalt für Finanzdienstleistungsaufsicht

BaFin is a regulatory authority based in Germany and plays a crucial role in the supervision of financial markets.

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Bagholder

A “bagholder” is an investor who holds a depreciating asset. This is particularly common in the crypto space.

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BAYC – Bored Ape Yacht Club

Bored Apes Yacht Club (BAYC) is a collection of 10,000 unique non-fungible tokens – digital collectibles that reside on the Ethereum blockchain.

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Bear market

Bear markets are downtrends in financial or crypto prices, investor sentiment, and market performance.

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Block Reward

Block rewards incentivize validators of a blockchain to make their resources available to the network to verify transactions.

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Blockchain Trilemma

The problem with maximizing the scalability, security, and decentralization of a blockchain is known as the Blockchain Trilemma.

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Blocktime

The block times of a blockchain affect transaction speed as well as network security.

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Bounty

A “bounty” represents a unique and intriguing concept to incentivize through rewards in the crypto sector.

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BTC – Bitcoin

Bitcoin is a decentralized network for direct value transfer (peer-to-peer). The concept was designed in 2008 by an unkown group or individual under the pseudonym of Satoshi Nakamoto.

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CBDC – Central Bank Digital Currency

Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs) are digital versions of fiat currency, created and backed by central banks.

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CEX – Centralized Exchange

A centralised exchange (CEX) is the concept of a central platform that enables the purchase and sale of various digital assets.

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CFD – Contract for Difference

A contract for difference (CFD) is a contractual agreement between two parties based on the difference in the value of the asset.

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Coin Burn

Coin burning is the process of permanently removing coins (tokens) from the circulating supply, thereby reducing the overall supply.

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Cold Storage

Protecting your own digital assets is of the utmost importance, cold storage is a robust defense mechanism.

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Cold Wallet

A cold wallet, unlike a hot wallet, is a wallet that is disconnected from the Internet. Therefore it is much more secure.

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Collateral

Crypto collateral serves as the foundation of DeFi and offers users the ability to secure loans, earn interest and provide liquidity.

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Consensus algorithm

Consensus mechanisms are necessary for any blockchain network to maintain the integrity and security of these decentralized systems.

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Contango

When a market is in contango, the forward price of a future is above the spot price.

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Crypto lending

Crypto lending is offered by lending platforms and allows getting returns or liquidity on digital assets.

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Crypto Valley

With the foundation of the first crypto company in Zug in 2013, the foundation stone was laid for a development that probably nobody would have expected. Only five years later, Switzerland is celebrated worldwide as a crypto nation.

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Cryptocurrencies

Cryptocurrency is a collective term for any project that uses coins or tokens and uses cryptography for security reasons.

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Cryptokitties

CryptoKitties is a pioneering project that has introduced the concept of Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs) into the mainstream.

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Cypherpunk

Cypherpunks are advocates of strong encryption, privacy and decentralized technologies that protect against surveillance.

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DAG – Directed acylic graph

This is a purported scaling method for blockchain, even though a DAG isn’t even an actual blockchain.

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DAICO – Decentralized Autonomous Initial Coin Offering

A Decentralized Autonomous Initial Coin Offering (DAICO) is a decentralized fundraising mechanism in the blockchain world.

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DAML – Digital Asset Modeling Language

Digital Asset Modeling Language (DAML) is an open source smart contract language developed by the company Digital Asset.

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DAO – Decentralized Autonomous Organization

Decentralized autonomous organizations (DAOs) are an innovative form of organization based on the blockchain technology.

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DApp – Decentralized Application

DApp stands for “Decentralized Application,” and it is a term closely associated with blockchain technology.

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dBFT – Delegated Byzantine Fault Tolerance

Delegated Byzantine Fault Tolerance (dBFT) is a consensus algorithm used in certain blockchain networks to validate transactions and add new blocks.

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DeFi – Decentralized Finance

DeFi is an acronym for Decentralized Finance. It is a disruptive concept that replaces traditional intermediaries with decentralized protocols.

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DEX – Decentralized Exchange

Decentralized Exchanges (DEXes) in the form of Automated Market Makers (AMMs) offer a permissionless trading solution in the crypto space.

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Diem

Libra, Facebook’s stablecoin project, was recently renamed “Diem”. Some core properties were changed in the process.

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DLT – Distributed Ledger Technology

Distributed ledger technology (DLT) describes a technology used for decentralized and distributed documentation of transactions.

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DOGE – Dogecoin

Dogecoin (DOGE) is a cryptocurrency founded for fun, often referred to as a “memecoin,” with the internet-famous Shiba Inu dog as its mascot.

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Double Spending

Double spending is a potential problem for digital monetary systems that Satoshi Nakamoto first resolved with Bitcoin.

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DPoS – Delegated Proof of Stake

Delegated Proof of Stake (DPoS) is a consensus mechanism used in certain blockchain networks to validate transactions.

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DSO – Digital Security Offering

A digital security offering (DSO) is a modern financial instrument that tokenizes traditional assets with the blockchain technology.

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Dump

In the crypto world, the term dump is used to describe a sudden and significant drop in the price of a digital asset.

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Early Adopter

So-called early adopters are characterized by their willingness to take risks and are among the first to experiment with new trends.

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EIP-1559

EIP-1559 is an upgrade for the Ethereum protocol that solves the problems of volatile gas fees and Ether inflation.

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ERC-20 Token

The ERC-20 token is a program code that is often used to create tokens within the Ethereum blockchain as part of a smart contract.

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ESG – Environmental, Social and Governance

ESG stands for environmental, social and governance and is used to assess the sustainability and ethical practices of companies.

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ETH – Ethereum

Ethereum is a decentralized block chain protocol designed to execute Smart Contracts and build decentralized applications (dapps) on a distributed computer platform.

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Etherscan

Etherscan is the most widely used blockchain explorer platform developed primarily for the Ethereum network.

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ETP – Exchange Traded Product

An ETP refers to many financial instruments that are traded on exchanges and offer investors access to different asset classes.

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Faucet

A crypto faucet is a platform that rewards users with cryptocurrency for completing simple tasks, rewards are sent directly to user’s wallets.

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Fee

A fee is a small number of coins that you have to pay when triggering an action on the blockchain. Miners earn the fees in addition to the block reward.

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Fiat

Fiat money and its currencies are government-created money, such as the euro, dollar or yen.

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Fiat Ramp

A fiat ramp is a gateway that allows fiat transfer from a traditional bank account, which can then be used to purchase crypto assets.

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Finney

Finney is a denomination of Ether and a popular measurement unit of ETH Gas fees. 1 ETH equal 1,000 Finney.

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First-Mover-Advantage

A first-mover-advantage is an advantage that a business can have by becoming the first significant player to enter a new market.

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Flappening

The Flappening is a term referring to an event when Litecoin regains its leadership over Bitcoin Cash in terms of market capitalization.

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Flash Crash

A flash crash is a very sharp drop in price that only lasts for a few minutes and then returns to the previous price level.

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Flippening

If a coin overtakes another coin in its market capitalization, this is called flippening.

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FOMO – Fear of Missing Out

FOMO is an acronym for fear of missing out. In the cryptocurrency market it refers to missing out on returns that other may be enjoying.

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Fork

In the case of a fork, a new version splits off from the existing blockchain in order to function as its own network from then on.

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FPC – Fabric Private Chaincode

FPC (Fabric Private Chaincode) is an extension of Hyperledger, designed to enhance the confidentiality of data within a blockchain network.

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FUD – Fear, Uncertainty and Doubt

Fear, uncertainty, and doubt (FUD) are three key elements that can greatly affect the success of a cryptocurrency project.

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Full node

A fullnode is a node that has downloaded and checks the whole blockchain for its integrity.

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Fungibility

Fungibility describes goods that are quantifiable (e.g. by measure, number or weight), making them interchangeable within a given group.

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Futures

Futures are financial contracts in which a seller commits to deliver a commodity or asset to a buyer at a predetermined date and price.

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Gas

Gas is a unit of measurement for the computing work required to process and validate transactions on a blockchain.

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Gas Limit

On blockchain networks, the “gas limit” is the maximum amount of computing work that can be carried out in a single transaction.

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Genesis Block/Account

A Genesis block is the first block of a blockchain. The accounts of the first owners of a coin are also called Genesis accounts.

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Governance Token

Governance tokens give owners the ability to influence decisions regarding the development and progress of the project.

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Greeks

The Greeks are an important instrument of risk management, mostly used in the derivatives options space: Delta, Gamma, Theta, Vega and Rho.

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Gwei

Gwei is commonly used on the Ethereum blockchain as a unit of measurement for the amount of gas required to execute a transaction.

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Halving

The Bitcoin block reward is halved every 210,000 blocks, or roughly every 4 years, resulting in a lower inflation rate with each cycle.

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Hard fork

A hardfork is a permanent deviation from the previous version of the blockchain. Nodes that run on earlier versions will no longer be accepted by the latest version.

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Hardcap

The term “hardcap” refers to the maximum amount that can be raised in a fundraising campaign or initial coin offering (ICO).

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Hardware Wallet

Hardware wallets are physical devices which store the private keys of crypto assets offline, minimizing their exposure to the internet.

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Hash

The hash rate is defined as the speed at which a computer can transform any amount of information into letters and numbers of a certain length. This process is called “hash”.

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Hedera Hashgraph

Hashgraph is a distributed ledger technology that functions as an alternative to blockchain

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HFT – High Frequency Trading

High-frequency trading (HFT) uses computer algorithms to quickly execute multiple orders at once, profiting from very small price differences.

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High

A high is when the price of an asset reaches its highest point in a given period of time. Highs are important trading signals for traders.

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HODL

to HODL means to buy and hold a cryptocurrency for an extended period, regardless of market fluctuations.

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Hot Wallet

Hot wallets are web or browser wallets that are constantly connected to the internet and provide easy access to cryptocurrencies.

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Howey Test

The Howey test is a legal framework. It is used to determine whether a transaction should be classified as an investment contract.

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Huobi

Huobi is one of the largest cryptocurrency exchanges. It was founded by Leon Li in China in 2013 and employs over 1,300 employees.

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Hyperledger

Hyperledger is a project of the Linux Foundation that aims to foster open source innovation in the blockchain space.

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ICO – Initial Coin Offering

An ICO is an Initial Coin Offering. It is the equivalent of an initial public offering (IPO) with cryptocurrencies.

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IPFS – Interplanetary File System

IPFS is a censorship-resistant, decentralized peer-to-peer network that allows users to upload files and websites.

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Jupiter

Jupiter is the leading aggregator of Decentralized Exchanges (DEXes) on the Solana blockchain.

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KYC – Know Your Customer

Know your customer is a legitimacy check of certain new customers for the prevention of money laundering, which is especially prescribed for credit institutions, insurance companies or crypto exchanges.

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Layer

Blockchains are typically categorised by layers (L0,L1, and L2) depending on their structure and functionality.

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Lightning Network

The Lightning Network is an “off-chain” or “second layer” scaling solution for cryptocurrencies.

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Liquidity

The more liquid a market is, the less effect a purchase or sale has on the price.

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Mainnet

Mainnet refers to the stage at which a blockchain protocol is fully developed, operational and its transactions are recorded.

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MakerDAO

MakerDAO, the protocol behind the leading over-collateralized stablecoin DAI, is considered one of the most successful decentralized credit protocols.

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Meebits

Meebits is an Ethereum NFT collection of 3D digital avatars originally developed by Larva Labs, later acquired by Larva Labs.

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Merkle Tree

Merkel Trees are used in many different applications to ensure the integrity and immutability of data.

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MetaMask

MetaMask is a digital wallet provider that launched in 2016 with over 30 million active users for storing and transferring ERC-20 tokens.

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Metaverse

The Metaverse is a digital alternative to the physical world. Not a game, not a fixed destination, but a digital reality.

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MiCA – Markets in Crypto-Assets

MiCA (Markets in Crypto-Assets) is the first comprehensive EU regulatory framework for cryptocurrencies and digital asset service providers.

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Mining

In blockchain technology, mining is the process by which new transactions are verified and added to the blockchain.

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Minting

In the world of blockchain, the expression ‘to mint’ describes the issuance of coins or other financial instruments (e.g. NFTs).

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Mt. Gox

Mt. Gox was a cryptocurrency exchange that operated between 2010 and 2014, handling over 70% of global bitcoin transactions in 2013.

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NFT – non-fungible Token

A non-fungible token, commonly known as NFT, is a cryptographic asset that represents ownership of something unique and non-interchangeable.

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Node

Each blockchain node is a communication point in the network and validates the transactions of the decentralized database.

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Open Source

The term open source originated in software development which refers to software whose source code is made freely available to the public.

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Options

Options can be used to speculate, taking positions in assets at a lower cost than buying shares or they’re used to hedge and reduce risk.

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Oracles

Oracles bring off-chain data onto the blockchain for various applications and smart contracts to access. Oracles connect blockchains to the real world, the Internet, and each other.

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P2P – Peer-to-Peer

Peer-to-peer refers to the direct exchange of assets or information between individuals or companies without intermediaries.

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Paper Wallet

A paper wallet contains both public and private keys, enabling access and transactions for stored cryptocurrencies.

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Parachain

Parachains, are dedicated layer-1 blockchains in the Polkadot blockchain ecosystem which run in parallel to the central Polkadot Relay Chain.

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Permaweb

Basically, the permaweb is a collection of interlinked documents and applications – just like the traditional web – with the difference that all content is completely permanent. Arweave coined the term with its Blockweave protocol.

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Ponzi Scheme

A deceptive financial strategy that promises quick and substantial profits, falsely attributing returns to legitimate business activities.

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PoS – Proof of Stake

Proof of Stake (PoS) relies on validators for transaction verification, different from Proof of Work, which uses computational power for the same purpose.

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PoW – Proof of Work

Proof of Work (PoW) is a consensus mechanism used in blockchain networks such as Bitcoin to validate and confirm transactions.

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Private Key

A private key is a complex form of cryptography that allows a user to execute transactions making it an integral part of the blockchain.

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Proof of Reserves

Proof of Reserves verifies integrity of crypto exchanges by demonstrating their ability to own and manage all customer assets.

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Public Key

A public key can be openly shared and encrypts and verifies cryptocurrency transactions, ensuring authorisation of the rightful owner.

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Pudgy Penguins

Pudgy Penguins is a collection of 8,888 adorable penguins that live as non-fungible tokens (NFTs) on the Ethereum blockchain.

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QE – Quantitative Easing

The non-traditional monetary policy measure Quantitative Easing (QE) can theoretically pull the economy out of recession.

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Quantitative Easing (QE)

Quantitative easing (QE) is a form of nontraditional monetary policy in which a central bank buys a large number of securities to stimulate the economy. If it worked well, the

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Ripple

Ripple is the company behind a blockchain-based digital payment protocol and the cryptocurrency XRP.

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Satoshi Nakamoto

The Bitcoin protocol, which is based on cryptographic principles, was first published in 2008 under a pseudonym called Satoshi Nakomoto.

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Sidechain

A sidechain is a Layer 2 blockchain solutions that is connected to a main network (mainchain) via a reciprocal link.

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Smart Contract

A smart contract is a computer protocol designed to digitally facilitate, verify, or enforce the negotiation or performance of a contract.

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Soulbound Token

Soulbound Tokens (SBTs) are non-transferable assets that foster meaningful connections between assets and their owners.

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Stablecoin

Stablecoins are cryptocurrencies that are backed by collateral and therefore have less volatile properties.

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Telegram

Telegram is essentially a cloud-based instant messaging platform that enables secure communication in real time.

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Testnet

New functions for the Mainnet can be tested in a test net, where the tests take place in a safe environment.

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Tokenization

Tokenization describes the representation of an asset on the blockchain and has the potential to revolutionize the real economy.

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Tokenomics

Tokenomics is the name given to the set of economic rules that define the monetary policy of a cryptocurrency; inflation rate, token allocations, etc.

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Travel Rule

Under the so-called “Travel Rule”, transfers over USD 1,000 must contain information about the sender and the recipient.

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USDC – USD Coin

Launched in October 2018, USD Coin (USDC) is a fiat-backed stablecoin from a partnership between Circle and Coinbase.

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USDT – Tether

Tether (USDT) is a controversial cryptocurrency with tokens issued by the company Tether Limited. USDT is traded as a so-called stablecoin.

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Utility Token

Utility tokens derive their value from the specific functions and services they enable within an ecosystem.

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VASP – Virtual Asset Service Provider

Virtual Asset Service Providers (VASP) act as intermediaries that facilitate the exchange and management of digital assets.

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Vitalik Buterin

Vitalik Buterin is a luminary in the crypto sector and is mostly known as the founder and inventor of Ethereum.

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Wallet

Basically, any application that includes functions for storing and handling cryptocurrencies can be described as a wallet.

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Wash Trading

Washtrading, i.e. the artificial inflation of trading volumes, is a popular marketing tool of some exchanges in the crypto-market.

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Whale

Whale refers to individuals or institutions that own large quantities of cryptocurrencies and have the ability to generate price fluctuations.

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Yearn Finance

Yearn Finance (YFI) is a decentralized finance platform that operates as a yield aggregator on the Ethereum blockchain

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Yield Farming

Yield farming generally refers to the provision of liquidity for various protocols in the DeFi space that pay out money to providers in return.

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Zero-Knowledge Rollup

Zero Knowledge Rollups perform all calculations on a sidechain and submit a proof of validity on the mainchain.

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zkSync

zkSync is a scalable and high-performance layer-2 scaling solution for Ethereum which enables faster and cheaper transactions.

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